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Logical frame work approach

The Logical Framework Approach is a set of interlocking concepts which must be used together in a dynamic fashion to develop a well-designed, objectively-described and evaluable project. Uncertainty within the project is made explicit. Results of the process of using the Logical Framework concepts can be displayed in a 4 x 4 Matrix, providing a one-page, concise summary of major project elements and their relationships to each other. It is an important tool that has been used by several international development agencies.


The logical framework or logframe is a document that gives an overview of the objectivesactivities and resources of a project. It also provides information about external elements that may influence the project, called assumptions. Finally, it tells you how the project will be monitored, through the use of /content/indicators. All this information is presented in a table with four columns and four rows – although variations on this basic scheme do exist.​

  1. analyse an existing situation, including the identification of stakeholder needs and the definition of related objectives;

  2. establish a causal link between input, activities, results, the goal, and the general objective (vertical logic);

  3. identify potential risks to achieving goals and purpose;

  4. establish a system for monitoring and evaluating project performance;

  5. establish a communication and learning process between stakeholders.

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